Freedom; The Unstated Facts and Points

    Title: Freedom; The Unstated Facts and Points Author: Muḥammad Taqi Miṣbāḥ Yazdi Translated by: Mansoor Limba Publisher: Ahl al-Bayt World Assembly, 2006 ISBN: 9645290252, 9789645290250 Length: 120 pages In this text, Ayatullah Muhammad Taqi Misbah Yazdi explains the different kinds of freedom in great detail. He dwells on the understanding of Freedom in its different forms that exist before us today. The Index of the book: • Preface • The Various Meanings of Freedom • The Importance of Understanding the Various Meanings of Freedom • Freedom as existential independence • Freedom as “free will” • Freedom as “the lack of attachment” • Freedom vis-à-vis “slavery” • Freedom in the legal and political parlance: mastery over one’s destiny • Freedom from the Viewpoint of Islam • The Need for the Restraining Law • The Difference between Moral and Legal Laws • The Divine and Atheistic Cultures and the Difference of Their Perspectives on Law • The Three Pillars of the Western Culture • The Fundamental Clash between the Western Culture and Islamic Culture • The Difference between the Islamic and Western Perspectives on the Scope of Freedom • The Preeminence of the Spiritual and Religious Interests over the Material Interests • The Natural Law School • The Limit of Human Rights in the West • The Emergence of Contradictions on the Limit of Freedom • The Realm of Freedom in the Human Rights Declaration • The Problems of Categorizing Freedom in the West • The Freedom of Belief and Expression • Freedom of Belief as an Affair beyond the Realm of Law • Freedom of Expression in the West: From Slogan to Reality • The Islamic View on Freedom of Expression and the Press • First Exposition • Second Exposition • Nonverbal and Media Expression • The Responsibility of Expression • The Freedom to Ask • Clarification of Doubts • Doubt 1: Mandatory laws are against the demand of humanity • Reply • Doubt 2: The government’s imposition of limitations is against the demand of freedom • Reply • Doubt 3: The need for obeying God and the Prophet is against the demand of the Qur’anic verses • Reply • The Reason behind the Difference between the Two Approaches in the Qur’an • Doubt 4: The imposition of limitations in actions is against the demand of the natural law • Reply • Doubt 5: Religion cannot impose limit on freedom. • Reply • Doubt 6: Servitude is against the demand of the natural disposition [fitrah] of man. • Reply • “Real Ownership” [malikiyyat-e i‘tibari] and “Delegated Ownership” [malikiyyat-e i‘tibari] • The Requisite of Divine Godhood as Cosmic and Religious Lordship • Doubt 7: The era of duty-centeredness has ended and the modern man is in pursuit of his rights • Reply • The Background of Those Who Rebelled against God • Adherence to God and Freedom • Doubt 8: The demand of the Divine Vicegerency [khilafatullah] means absolute freedom of man • Reply • Doubt 9: Creating ambiguity in defining the legitimate freedom • Reply • Doubt 10: Observance of the religious precepts is against the demand of the sovereignty of man over his own destiny • Reply